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My TripsRussia

Russia’s Beautiful Destinations

Russia’s Beautiful Destinations

Russia’s Beautiful DestinationsRussia or officially referred to as the Russian Federation is a sovereign state that extends widely in eastern Europe and northern Asia. With an area of ​​17,125,200 km², Russia is the largest country in the world. Its territory covers an eighth of the earth’s land area, based on a census conducted in March 2016, Russia’s population ranks ninth in the world with a total of 146 million citizens. Its territory stretches across North Asia and parts of eastern Europe, Russia has 11 time zones and its territory consists of various types of environment and land. Regarding borders, Russia borders Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea, all of which are bordered by Russia from northwest to southeast. The country borders the sea with Japan in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the country of Alaska, the United States in the Bering Strait.

Russian Old History

As the world’s largest country, there are 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia, 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves, 41 national parks, and 101 natural reserves. Russia’s territory stretches from 41 ° to 82 ° N north latitude, and 19 ° east longitude to 169 ° west longitude. Russia’s territorial expansion was mostly obtained at the end of the 16th century under Yermak Timofeyevich during the reign of Ivan IV Vasilyevich, the time when the countries in western Russia united together to form a single state. Yermak formed an army and managed to acquire almost all of the territory that was originally an area of ​​the Mongol Empire, defeating its leader Khan Kuchum.

Russia's Beautiful Destinations
Russia’s Beautiful Destinations

Russian Climate

Russia is on the European Continent, especially Eastern Europe and the Asian continent where the Ural Mountains form the boundary between the two continents. The most extensive area in Siberia which is generally a tundra. Because of its location in the northernmost hemisphere, Russia’s territorial waters are generally covered with ice with several ice-free seas, the Barents Sea, The White Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea and East Siberia Sea which are part of the Arctic or the North Pole, as well as the Bering Sea, the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan which are part of the Pacific Ocean. The climate in most parts of Russia is the Tundra with long, freezing winters and cool, short summers.

Russia's Beautiful Destinations
Russia’s Beautiful Destinations

Russian Best Destinations City

The most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Moscow or Moskwa is the capital of the Russian, while Saint Petersburg is the former capital of the country. As World Cities, both cities have world-scale museums such as Tretyakov Gallery and Hermitage, famous theaters such as Bolshoi and Mariinsky, historical churches such as St. Basil’s Cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Saint Isaac’s Cathedral and the Church of the Savior on Blood, impressive fortifications like the Kremlin and Peter and Paul Fortress, and famous squares and streets such as the Red Square, the Palace Square, Tverskaya Street and Nevsky Prospekt. Luxurious palaces and parks can be found in the former imperial residence on the outskirts of Moscow and St. Petersburg (Peterhof Palace, Strelna, Oranienbaum, Gatchina, Pavlovsk and Tsarskoye Selo). Moscow also saves a lot of former Soviet architecture along with modern skyscrapers. The city of St Petersburg is famous for its classic architecture, its many rivers, canals, and bridges.

Russia's Beautiful Destinations
Russia’s Beautiful Destinations

Russian Third Capital

Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan, contains a mixture of Russian Christian culture and Tatar Muslim cultures. The city has the brand name of the Third Capital of Russia, although several other big cities also compete in it, such as Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, and Nizhny Novgorod. The warm subtropical Black Sea Coast is a popular place for sea resorts, such as Sochi, which is holding the 2014 Winter Olympics. The North Caucasus Mountains contain popular ski resorts like Dombay. The most popular natural destination in Russia is Lake Baikal, the Blue Eye of Siberia. This lake is the oldest and deepest lake in the world, the water is clear and surrounded by mountains covered with taiga. Other popular natural destinations are Kamchatka with volcanoes and geysers, Karelia with lakes and granite rocks, snowy Altai Mountains, and wild steppes on Tyva.

Russia's Beautiful Destinations
Russia’s Beautiful Destinations
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